About Swami Vivekananda
Swami Vivekananda (Narendra Nath Dutt) is an emblem of meditation, Hindu culture, Knowledge, power and prosperity was born on 12th January 1863 in the soil of West Bengal. Swami Vivekananda also founded Ramakrishna Math & Ramakrishna Mission to spread achievement & knowledge of his guru Ramakrishna & Indian Culture and traditions. Swami Vivekananda was a chief disciple of Swami Ramakrishna.
Due to the god gifted yogic temperament, Swami Ji used to practice yoga from his early life and later associated with Brahmo Movement. He was renowned as “Messenger of Indian Wisdom” after his speech as featured Hindu lecturer in World parliament of religions in Chicago. Meditation serves as the crucial role in the teachings & life of Swami Vivekananda. His Guru Swami Ramakrishna renowned him as Dhyana-Sidha, someone who is expert in meditation. Birthday of Swami Vivekananda is celebrated as National Youth Day. He published many books on Yoga and also known as Perfect Yogi. According to him, by the path of yoga, one can able to solve problems faced during life. According to Swami Vivekananda meditation is firstly the self-assessment of mind’s thoughts and then after assessing that “What we are? Our knowledge, existence and quietude” which in turns integrate objects & subjects. Practical and mystical approach are the two types of the approach adopted by Swami Vivekananda under the theme “Meditation according to Yoga”.
He always used to choose the remote locations from where his meditation practices can be done easily. He was deeply inspired by the words of Gautama Buddha, “Go forward without a path, Fearing nothing, caring for nothing!”. During his visit to the Himalayas, once under a pepul tree, he realized that man is just a succinct of the whole universe & he has to follow the same rules applies to the whole universe. From 1893 to 1897, he gives many lectures and class on meditation in United States of America & England. Although he was having a very busy schedule where he never misses his meditation schedule.
In December 1896, in England Swami Vivekananda experienced Nirvikalpa Samadhi. In 1895 he went to England, where he conducted private classes & lectures. While conducting his meditation class, Swami Vivekananda himself went into Samadhi. Swami Vivekananda was so found of meditation & yoga that on the day of his death i.e. 4 July 1902 around 9 pm, he practiced meditation for hours & sang the devotional song on Maa Kali, Hindu goddess.
Swami Vivekananda plays an important role in the introduction of meditation to the western countries. According to Swami Vivekananda, “Essence of all knowledge is concentration” and concentration is only achieved by the path of meditation. Man-making was his mission and he realized that for that we need work, love, knowledge and meditated mind. He advised to practice yoga on regular basis to improves concentration and improve behavioral control. According to him, meditation is a bridge connecting human soul to God. According to him, meditation is, “when someone fixes his/her mind on a fixed location whether it is internal or external, that it emerges the power of flowing current towards that point. That moment is known as Dhyan. Samadhi is that position when power of dhyan is so intensified that it remains meditation only on internal pat rather than the external part. During his lectures & in his books, Swami Vivekananda explains the proper procedure of meditation. He suggested that first to sit in a posture in which you can feel comfortable and sit for hours. All working nerve currents should pass through the spine. Your body weight should not fall on the spine and make it free from all pressure. One must try to concentrate on the tip of the nose.